About web design and website creation
A good web design is critical to the success of a company website. Let's see what the encyclopedia tells us, for example, what about web design comes in Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:
Source: Wikipédia, the free encyclopedia.
Web design can be seen as an extension of the practice of design, where the focus of the project is the creation of web sites and documents available in the web environment.
Web design tends to be multidisciplinary, since the construction of web pages requires subsidies of different technical areas, in addition to the design itself. Areas such as information architecture, programming, usability, accessibility and others.
The fundamental concern of the web designer is to add the concepts of usability of the interface with the planning, ensuring that the end user to achieve its goals in a nice and intuitive.
Like any design work, it is a project, and informational needs analysis, from a briefing. Correctly detect the goal of the project is essential to good planning, so that actions are taken correctly.
It is always necessary to define the target site, the purpose, services offered, the differential to the public. From these and other elements that are specifically relevant to the project, we define the site structure (information architecture), the technology used and the layout. P>
In general, though usually it seems that the first impression you get from a site is the visual, the visitor actually search the content, therefore the first step is to define strategic and all information that the site will clearly define the information architecture of the site and finally, the visual design of the site, which does not need to jump, spin and flash, unless you are selling what is design / image (which does not apply to informational milieu what is the Web), but look professional at least the following basic concepts of design as an approximation, contrast, alignment, among others. P>
There is a striking difference between conceptual design in traditional media, such as graphic design and web application. On the web, aesthetics should be tailored to the device accessing the site or even disabled if not required in the context of use. In the middle graph is possible to predict how the end user will see the aesthetics of the product, since the web this is not possible, because the appearance can and must change radically according to your operating system, personal settings, browsers, screen resolutions and devices such as phone, TV, printer, screen readers etc.. For this reason, the information (HTML) should work independently of the formatting (CSS) and behavior (scripts) that are W3C recommendations. P>
The structure, also known as information architecture, the site should address your goal, making the user experience more comfortable and easy as possible, we call it usability. You should plan the structure so that the user to easily obtain the information or service desired. Today there are countless ways that a site can get creative and still be the big difference in the production of the web.
The layout needs to convey the desired information efficiently. It is necessary that the layout is a communication link with the user, that your language is consistent with the purpose of the site. Knowing usability heuristics is crucial to generate layouts for the web.
Each element inserted into a website should have a goal, the perfection of a website is achieved when there is nothing to be removed and not when there is nothing to be inserted.
Most of the old layout of the Web sites were made with tables in HTML, but this way is inappropriate for tables should be used only to display tabular data. However there are layouts that are completely produced without the presence of tables, are the famous "tableless" and yes this is the best way to structure layouts.
Programs are responsible for interpreting the contents of a web site, thus providing the interface with which the end user will interact. The browser is for web design as well as the role is for the newspaper. The wide range of browsers and discrepancy between the resources made its own creators walk toward a common standard. Currently it is essential to create sites following the W3C standards. P>
In developing the site, the HTML should be created following the W3C standards (Web Standards) so that it is functionally independent of the devices (TV, phone, printer, monitor etc). Although in theory there is no need to test in multiple browsers is a good habit to test in more than one browser (Firefox, Internet Explorer, Netscape, Opera, Safari, Chrome and others), because the site layout may differ from certain browsers, and the user navigates not understand what is happening.
The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) is the body responsible for recommending standards development for the internet. By these standards can be classified: web sites according to their technical characteristics, going beyond the visual; browsers, according to their ability to meet the standards set.
The ultimate goal of following the W3C standards is possible that the information provided by the website remains independent of the device used by the visitor and are accessible.
There is a huge range of programs used by the web designer. To build the code, because it is simple text, any text editor can serve to support the creation of the code. However, there are programs both free and commercial use with WYSIWYG interface, which are widely used in the market to manage both sites, just as for editing code, such as Dreamweaver, Aptana, Frontpage (not advisable for generating HTML exclusively for Internet Explorer, and generate code with possible syntax errors), the visual part, the vector graphics editor Corel Draw, Illustrator or Inkscape), bitmap GIMP, Photoshop or Fireworks. For dynamic resources and animations, Flash is the most widely used. Regarding Flash, you should be careful to use it only where the solution is impossible to be reproduced in HTML, never use menus and content areas to be a binary file, not be accessible and be in with desarcordo W3C recommendations.
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